What is Horse Wormer?
Reports say that the second most common cause of colic is an overload of intestinal parasites in your equines gut. Worm populations can increase to the point of blocking the narrow part of the gut.
One of the efficient ways of combating this concern is to use a horse wormer regularly.
How the horse digests food..,
The equine's mouth gathers the food. As they munch and grind, the food begins to break down through a combination of saliva and an enzyme called amylase. This combination is breaking down the food’s starches and also allows for safe passage through the esophagus to the stomach.
The horse’s stomach is considered small for the animal's size. The equine has a “simple” stomach. It is not like sheep or cattle with multi chambers.
The food, now in the horse’s stomach, is broken down further by a combination of hydrochloric acid and other enzymes which are excreted from the stomach wall. The nutrients are digested and slowly start to move down the small intestine. Generally, the stomach does not absorb nutrients and food sitting in the stomach which is naturally mixed with hydrochloric acid and other enzymes can be quite acidic.
As food moves through the small intestine, it is mixed with enzymes that make the food more alkaline or less acidic. Starch and sugars are broken down to simple sugars.
These starches and sugars are soluble carbohydrates. Sugars pass through the small intestine wall and are absorbed into the blood stream and collected in a blood vessel to be transported to the liver.
Fats are combined with bile salts and enzymes. They form little balls which cross the intestinal walls and collect in the big lymph glands in the neck where they enter the blood stream.
The remainder of the food being digested is broken down for protein and nutrients are sent via the blood stream to the areas where they are needed.
Now that the food has entered into the hind gut, most soluble portions have been removed. Nutrients have passed through the intestinal walls and been utilized in the areas of the horse’s body that they are required. The Hind Gut is the place for the final digestion which is done through bacterial fermentation.
There are 3 large fermentation sacs. These are the Cecum, the Colons and the Rectum. Bacterial populations are maintained in the horse’s hind gut to break down the indigestible cellulose. This beneficial bacteria passes through the hind gut by the feces.
The horse absorbs and utilizes what the bacteria has digested. It is here that the combination of large sacs joined by small pipes can lead to impactions or blockages like colic.
Did you know.., the small colon and rectum are where the horse’s body absorbs 90% of the water from food stuff which plays a vital role in the water balance of the equine’s system.
Horse Wormer is a drug that has been designed to provide minimal harm to the beneficial bacteria.
Horse Wormer is considered to be a neurotoxin and as such affects the nervous system of the worm, however, as bacteria don’t have a “simple” nervous system they are not altered.
Some types of worms that can affect a horse ..,
Are you ready? Adult female bot flies resemble bees. They burrow into the base of the tongue and below the gum line. After about a month in the mouth they double in size and move to the stomach lining where they develop into full grown bots. Bots may also attach themselves to your horses intestines in clumps. In spring bots will pass out in the droppings and re-emerge in the summer months to begin another cycle of eggs.
Large Mouthed Stomach Worm:
How does Horse Wormer work?
Horse wormers are designed to be an effective parasite control for your equine companion. Easy, efficient delivery methods, coupled with sound veterinary advice, can be the block between you and your horse and a myriad of health issues from minor irritation to the extreme, being death.
Effective parasite control is related to pasture management and hygiene as well as having an effective horse wormer plan. It is said that one is not effective without the other.
Generally speaking a horse wormer is given orally. Today’s wormers paralyze rather than kill adult worms. Paralyzed parasites will not release their toxins and are unable to resist being discharged from the horse’s gut through manure.
As a side note, the time between a worming treatment should be discussed with your veterinarian for your area. If you are not worming regularly enough, the re-occurrence or eggs in the manure will increase to be re-ingested, thus starting the cycle again and again.
PLEASE NOTE: This web page is based on the research and conversations that we have had with various people and professionals on the subject of horses health and horse wormer requirements and is not intended to replace veterinary care for your animals. We do not accept liability for errors or omissions. A vet, horse nutritionist or other trained professional should always be consulted with any equine concerns, or before changing any feeding or care regime.